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What’s Beyond Insulin Alone?

There are pathways in addition to insulin that help to manage blood sugar levels.

Not sure what a pathway is?

It may help to think of a pathway as a way your body processes sugar. Insulin is the most well known pathway.

Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that helps manage the amount of sugar in your blood.

There are more pathways in your body, including other hormones, like insulin, organs and proteins that work together to manage blood sugar levels.

Some of the other ways your body processes sugar

SGLT1 absorbs sugar

SGLT1 is a protein that works in your gut, absorbs sugar from your meal and takes it to your bloodstream.

GLP-1 lowers blood sugar

GLP-1 is a hormone that affects organs like the pancreas, stomach, brain, liver and muscle to lower blood sugar.

Glucagon helps manage blood sugar levels

Glucagon is a hormone produced by the pancreas and works in the liver to raise blood sugar when it is low.

SGLT2 reabsorbs sugar

SGLT2 is a protein that works in the kidney. After sugar is filtered through the kidneys, SGLT2 reabsorbs a majority of it and returns it to the blood. SGLT1 reabsorbs the remainder.


It’s important to know the pathways and how they can affect your blood sugar levels.

Is A1C enough?

Your A1C is important, but that's only part of the story. How your daily highs and lows make you feel is just as important.

…every day is new and what you ate yesterday may not be okay today."

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